The foundation stone of the city was laid by Grand Master de Valette on 28 March 1566.He placed the first stone in what later became Our Lady of Victories Church.), written between 15, Giacomo Bosio writes that when the cornerstone of Valletta was placed, a group of Maltese elders said: "Iegi zimen en fel wardia col sceber raba iesue uquie" (Which in modern Maltese reads, "Jiġi żmien li fil-Wardija [l-Għolja Sciberras] kull xiber raba’ jiswa uqija", and in English, "There will come a time when every piece of land on Sciberras Hill will be worth its weight in gold").A cruise-liner terminal is located along the old seawall of the Valletta Waterfront that Portuguese Grandmaster Manuel Pinto da Fonseca built.Valletta features a Mediterranean climate with warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters.Since the city has been selected as the European Capital of Culture, the council began to look for new premises at a more central location.Various proposals were made, including the Main Guard, the Grandmaster's Palace, Fort Saint Elmo and the former HSBC offices, but nothing has been decided as of 2015 The Grand Harbour is Malta's major port, with unloading quays at nearby Marsa.Valletta contains buildings from the 16th century onwards, built during the rule of the Order of St. The city is essentially Baroque in character, with elements of Mannerist, Neo-Classical and Modern architecture in selected areas, though the Second World War left major scars on the city, particularly the destruction of the Royal Opera House.The City of Valletta was officially recognised as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1980.
The Malta Railway, which linked Valletta to Mdina, was officially opened in 1883.
Seven Auberges were built for the Order's Langues, and these were complete by the 1580s.